Searching for IoC with Redline

Redline is a free tool for investigation malicious activity through memory and file analysis. It has a lot of features for investigation but in this post, we will only mention searching for IoCs in the endpoint with Redline.

In previous post, we created an IoC to detect WinSCP.exe. Now, we will search it with Redline as the example.

We will go on with “Create an IOC Search Collector” menu in the main page of Redline. For doing this, we browse the folder that including IoCs we want to search in the PC. We have only one IoC here but if you have more IoCs in the folder, you will see all of them in “Indicators” tab.

Then we create a folder for IoC Collector and after clicking “Next” button, we show this folder. Redline creates the IoC Collector in this folder. We will now use RunRedlineAudit.bat file with the command line. Once the bat file finishes running, it will create a folder called “Sessions” and save outputs to this folder in the same directory.

Just run the “RunRedlineAudit.bat” file and wait for finishing. Then, open the “Sessions” folder. Each IoC sweep placed in its own folder calle “AnalysisSessionX”. This was our first sweep, so we click on “AnalysisSession1” folder. Our IoC report will be in “AnalysisSession1.mans” file. So, we click on this file, and it will take some time it generates the report.

When IoC report generated, we can see it on Redline tool, “IOC Reports” tab. As you can see in the screenshot, our WinSCP Indicator IoC got hits. When we click on it, we can see why this IoC got hit. Here, our IoC catch the file with its MD5 hash value and file name. With clicking on “View Details” button, we can see more details about the hit.

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